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The Importance of Environmental Resource Management

Press Release: December 11, 2020

Our Earth used to be abundant in environmental resources. This resource base was, and still is backbone of our economy, nationally and globally. For the times immemorial, these God gifted resources have been providing food, shelter and other basic necessities to human life. The nature has been generous to humans. And the humans started exploiting the generosity of nature.


This started the advent of modern development processes. The man has become more and more greedy. He wanted to extract all the eggs of this hen (nature), laying golden eggs. In the process he started killing the hen, without caring for future. And now we can see the result – recurring droughts & floods somewhere, massive soil erosion & landslides somewhere, degraded forests and water scarcity. This led to various ecological, social and economic problems.


At this juncture a number of socio-economic problems have to be squarely addressed by any ecologically conscious man.  The question is “How can we have Ecologically Balanced Development with the justice to Man & Nature”. However, before we answer this question, we must have clear perception of the magnitude of the socio-bio-economic issues that have emerged from the dynamics between man's increasing demand for various requirements and the decreasing per capita availability of the same.


Any attempt towards alleviation of poverty and creation of employment necessarily needs to address the problems of effective and optimal management of land and water in an integrated manner. We have sufficient natural resources to support respectable life standard to its citizens, provided their utilisation pattern is optimised and management streamlined.


The need is more of a watershe water is a mismanaged resource, and where exploitatation of resources and people have resulted in overall degradation leading to growing poverty, inequality and inability to cope up with stress.


Watershed is a recognised approach of development and management of three basic resources of a nation, viz., land, water and people. The approach evolved, over the last many decades, initially with the focus on economic stability and wise use of these basic resources. With increasing emphasis on social and community aspects in the developmental policies all over the world, planning and implementation of watershed development projects on both social and economic aspects of community life of watershed dwellers has gradually assumed significance.


Here, “Watershed management” is used to cover physical, economic, social, cultural, structural aspects of survival and poverty towards increasing sustainability capacity of the rural community.


Taking into consideration, the past work experiences, watersheds are logical planning and management units from a sustainable and environmental viewpoint. Therefore the approach should be developing land from ridge to valley to harmonise economic development and environmental protection.



"Sustainable development" is the development which is:

  • Ecologically balanced/ sound
  • Socially just/ acceptable
  • Economically viable
  • Technically feasible


Appropriate watershed management policies can contain these trends and help secure water supplies.  They also reduce flood damage and increase land productivity and upland conservation. The alternative approach for land, water, human resources and biomass energy leads to such a model of equitable and sustainable development.  Watershed development can increase ground water percolation, while pre­venting soil erosion and promoting greater biomass growth.


When the environment gets degraded, the quality of life of the human community within the region also goes down. Management of environmental resources thus aims at the renewal of the environment in an integrated and comprehensive manner. A more viable approach to resource development and management requires full involvement of communities in planning to implementation and management.


While planning at macro level and acting at micro level, we have to keep in mind that design should prevent land and water degradation. The situation necessitated conservation, regeneration and the judicious use of all the resource related to environment for sustainable development.


While the Human Resource Development and Capacity Building is to be focussed for all stakeholders. This is meant for facilitating process, participation, technology development and responsiveness of the institutional set up.


As per the International Water Council, there are some major rules that have been defined by Resource Management in its present form. All of us should understand that the natural resource should be managed without any kind of conflict. There should be co-operation between the people, governments and different companies involved in the management of natural resources. Another aspect which needs to be taken care of is that, the Natural Resource Management makes use of technology. Therefore, it is important to state that technology should be employed in order to develop better methods. People should update the technology in order to make the processes more efficient.

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